Business statistics and culture in Italy

Italy, renowned for its rich heritage, delectable cuisine, and mesmerizing landscapes, also boasts a distinctive business landscape. When engaging in international business ventures, it is essential to be mindful of the differences in approaches, etiquette, and protocols. While these aspects may not be crucial to business proceedings, dismissing them as unnecessary can be a misstep.

If you are an entrepreneur considering setting up your business in Italy as a foreigner, understanding the intricacies of Italian business culture and environment becomes imperative. In this informative guide, we will learn the nuances of conducting business in Italy, gaining valuable insights into the statistical landscape and uncovering the cultural facets that make this nation a unique and vibrant hub for global commerce.

Keep reading to know the business statistics and culture in Italy.

Quick Italy statistics 

Population 58,857,000 (2022 est.)
Capital Rome
Official language Italian
Currency Euro (EUR)
Life expectancy 83.1 years (2022 est.)
Literacy rate 99% (2015 est.)
Religion Roman Catholic (74.2%), other Christian (25.1%), Muslim (1%), non-religious (0.7%) (2018 est.)
Area 301,340 sq km (116,348 sq mi)
GDP $2.1 trillion (nominal, 2022)
GDP per capita $38,900 (nominal, 2022)
Exports $525 billion (2022)
Imports $550 billion (2022)
Unemployment rate 8.4% (2022)
Ease of doing business ranking 58th (2023)
Major industries Tourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, and ceramics
Major exports Machinery, transport equipment, chemicals, food and beverages, and clothing
Major imports Energy, machinery, semi-finished goods, and chemicals

The Fundamental Business Culture

Building close relationships is critical to doing business in Italy. 

Italians place a high value on personal relationships, so it is vital to take the time to build rapport with your Italian business partners. Trust and likeability are valued traits, and investing time and effort in getting to know your Italian counterparts is essential. This can be done by socializing with them outside of work or simply taking an interest in their lives.


    • Flexibility: Italian business culture is flexible, so be prepared to adapt to changes in plans or responsibilities. This can be challenging for people from more rigid cultures, but it is essential to be flexible to succeed in Italy.

    • Communication: Communication in Italian business culture is both personal and professional. This means switching between formal and informal language depending on the situation. It is also essential to read body language and understand the nuances of Italian culture.

    • Sociability: Italians are very friendly, so you can expect to spend a lot of time socializing with your business partners. This may include attending dinner, attending events, or simply chatting over coffee.

    • Presentation: Italians place a high value on appearance, so it is essential to dress well and to make an excellent first impression. This means wearing professional clothing that is well-tailored and clean.

Being patient and demonstrating your commitment to fostering a solid professional alliance over time is vital.

Hierarchy in Italy

Hierarchy is an integral part of Italian culture, and it is reflected in many aspects of society, including business, government, and social interactions. Respect for individuals with higher job titles or positions is a fundamental aspect of Italian culture. 

Authority is often concentrated in higher-ranking officials or senior management within the workplace. Those in authoritative positions typically make decisions, and subordinates must follow their directives diligently. 

This hierarchical structure is also evident in various other settings, such as family, social gatherings, and public institutions, where individuals with higher social status or age are accorded special consideration and respect. Understanding and adhering to these hierarchical norms are essential for fostering harmonious relationships and integrating effectively into Italian society.

First Meeting

The initial interaction with an Italian business partner typically adheres to a formal approach, commonly initiated through email, phone calls, fax, or traditional letters. It is advantageous to have an introduction from a mutual acquaintance, as Italians prioritize conducting business with individuals they are familiar with and can trust. 

Once the first contact is made, Italians prefer progressing business relationships through face-to-face meetings rather than relying solely on phone, fax, or email communications. When meeting someone for the first time, it is customary to show deference by shaking hands firmly and using the formal pronoun “Lei,” which denotes respect. You should also only use first names if you are invited to do so. In business settings, showing respect for your superiors and following their instructions is essential.


Italians are known for their expressive non-verbal communication, which is an important part of business communication in Italy. Hand gestures, facial expressions, and body language are all used to emphasize points, show interest, and build rapport. When communicating with Italians, it is important to be aware of these nonverbal cues and to use them yourself. 

Try to speak only a little fluent English with Italians as they prefer communicating in their national language. The percentage of people who speak fluent English in Italy is estimated to be between 5% and 10%. This means that most Italians need to speak English fluently and may only have a basic understanding of the language. 

In addition to nonverbal communication, Italians also value direct and clear communication. They are not afraid to speak their minds and expect the same from others. This can be a refreshing pace change for those used to more indirect communication styles.

However, it is important to know the hierarchy in Italian business culture. Those in positions of authority typically make decisions, so it is important to respect the chain of command.

Greetings and Titles

Always use titles when addressing someone for the first time. This shows respect and deference, which is important in Italian culture. The most common titles are Dottore (for men) and Dottoressa (for women), which are equivalent to “Doctor” in English. You can also use Signor (for men) and Signora (for women), which are equivalent to “Mr.” and “Mrs.”

When addressing someone older or more senior than you, it is always best to use their title and last name. This shows respect for their position and experience.

When addressing someone not from Italy, you can use their title in their native language. For example, if you are addressing someone from Spain, you would use Don or Doña.

Here are some examples of how you might greet someone in a business setting in Italy:

Dottore Rossi, buongiorno Good morning, Dr. Rossi
Signora Bianchi, piacere di conoscerla.  It’s a pleasure to meet you, Mrs. Bianchi.
Benvenuto, Signor Smith. Welcome, Mr. Smith.

Dress Code

The dress code is an important aspect of business culture in Italy. In general, a conservative and formal style is preferred. This means a dark suit, white shirt, and tie for men. For women, a skirt or dress suit is appropriate. Sunglasses, shorts, and t-shirts are not considered appropriate business attire.

The level of formality may vary depending on the industry and the company. For example, financial firms tend to have a more formal dress code than creative industries. However, it is always better to err on caution and dress more formally than not.

The dress code’s importance in Italy is more than just looking professional. It is also seen as showing respect for your colleagues and clients. When you dress well, you make a statement that you take your business seriously.

Business Meetings and Meals

In Italy, business meetings are typically informal and animated. Agendas are flexible, and there is often a lot of discussion and debate. Italians are known for their passion and enthusiasm, so be prepared for a lively discussion.

Business meals are a significant part of Italian business culture. They are a way to build relationships and create a sense of trust. It is not uncommon for business meetings to end with an invitation to lunch or dinner. When attending a business meal, being on time and dressing appropriately is crucial. Bringing a gift, such as a bottle of wine or chocolates, is also customary.

Time Management 

Italians have a relaxed attitude towards time management, which can surprise those who are used to working with more punctual cultures. In Italy, it is not uncommon for people to be late for meetings, and deadlines are often not taken as seriously as they might be in other countries.

This does not mean that Italians are not productive. They can be very efficient workers, but they prefer to take their time and do things right. They also place a high value on family and social life and will be patient with making decisions or working outside of their regular hours.

If you are working with Italians, being patient and understanding their different timekeeping habits is essential. If you have a meeting scheduled, it is a good idea to confirm the time a few days in advance and to be prepared for the possibility that your Italian counterpart may be late. It is also essential to respect their family time and avoid scheduling meetings during lunch or dinner hours.

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Final thoughts about Italy

Thank you for reading this article. You can continue to explore our articles about Italy in our Blog or access some other articles about Italian Education and Housing, how to start a Business and Statistics, Finance and Travel Business. If you need services related to Italian website content and SEO, company formations, nominee services, banking or payment processing services, please get in touch, and we will introduce you to our trusted partners.

External Support And Advice Links

If you are planning to start a business in Italy, here are some helpful resources for the process: