How to set up a Company in Poland


Set up a company in Poland

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on setting up a company in Poland. Whether you are looking to expand your business or start a new venture, Poland offers a range of opportunities for growth and success. In this section, we will explore the essential steps and requirements for establishing your business presence in Poland.

Setting up a company in Poland is a strategic move that can open doors to the European market and provide access to a skilled workforce. However, navigating the process of company formation can be complex, especially when dealing with legal and regulatory frameworks.

Our guide will break down the process into manageable steps, providing you with the information and insights you need to make informed decisions. From choosing the right business structure to registering your company, we will cover all the necessary aspects to ensure a smooth and successful setup.

Throughout this guide, we will address key topics such as taxation and financial obligations, employment and labor regulations, as well as available business support and resources. Our aim is to provide you with a comprehensive overview that will empower you to confidently navigate the Polish business landscape.

So, if you’re ready to embark on your journey of setting up a company in Poland and establish a strong business presence, let’s dive in and discover the steps to success.

Choosing the Right Business Structure

Before setting up a company in Poland, you need to decide on the most suitable business structure. Poland offers various legal entities, including sole proprietorship, partnership, and limited liability company. Each option has its own advantages and considerations, so it’s essential to weigh the pros and cons before making a decision.

Sole Proprietorship:

A sole proprietorship is the simplest form of business structure, where an individual owns and operates the business. This structure offers flexibility and requires minimal legal formalities. However, the owner is personally liable for the business’s debts and obligations.


A partnership involves two or more individuals who come together to share the responsibilities and profits of a business. This structure allows for shared decision-making and may attract more resources. However, partners are jointly and personally liable for the partnership’s obligations.

Limited Liability Company (LLC):

A limited liability company provides limited liability protection to its owners. This means that the owners’ personal assets are separate from the company’s debts and obligations. An LLC also offers flexibility in terms of management structure and tax options.

It’s important to consider factors such as liability, tax implications, management structure, and long-term goals when choosing a business structure. Consulting with a legal professional or business advisor can help you make an informed decision based on your specific circumstances and objectives.

By understanding the different legal entities available in Poland, you can select the business structure that aligns with your goals and provides the necessary protection and benefits. Once you have chosen the right structure, you can proceed with the process of registering your company and taking the next steps towards establishing your presence in Poland.

Registering Your Company

Once you have chosen the business structure that best suits your needs, the next crucial step is to register your company. Registering your company is a necessary legal requirement that establishes your business’s legitimacy and enables you to start operating officially in Poland.

Registering your company involves several essential steps to ensure compliance with Polish regulations. One of the first steps is to submit the necessary documents to the trade register. These documents typically include the articles of association, which outline the company’s purpose, ownership structure, and operational details.

The articles of association serve as a legal framework for your company and require careful preparation to align with your business goals and comply with Polish laws and regulations. It is advisable to seek professional assistance from a notary or legal expert experienced in company registration to ensure the accuracy and completeness of these documents.

Working with a notary is integral to the company registration process. A notary plays a crucial role in verifying and authenticating your company’s legal documents, including the articles of association. Their involvement helps guarantee the legality and validity of your registration.

It’s important to note that there are registration fees associated with setting up a company in Poland. These fees cover administrative costs and the processing of your registration documents. The amount of registration fees depends on various factors, such as the type of legal entity and the scope of your business activities. It is advisable to consult with the responsible authorities or a professional service provider to understand the specific registration fees applicable to your company.

By successfully registering your company with the trade register and fulfilling all the necessary requirements, you will gain official recognition, and your business will be ready to start its operations in Poland. Registering your company is a crucial step that sets the foundation for your business’s success and ensures compliance with the legal framework.

Taxation and Financial Obligations

Setting up a company in Poland entails specific taxation and financial obligations. Understanding the tax system in Poland, corporate income tax, VAT registration, as well as accounting and financial reporting requirements is crucial for your company’s compliance and financial success.

The Tax System in Poland

Poland operates under a comprehensive tax system that includes various types of taxes. Corporate income tax (CIT) is one of the key taxes that your company needs to consider. CIT is imposed on the annual profits generated by your business activities in Poland. The current statutory CIT rate in Poland is 19%, with certain exceptions, deductions, and incentives available.

Value Added Tax (VAT) is another important tax in Poland. Companies engaged in taxable activities must register for VAT, collect VAT on their sales, and remit it to the tax authorities. The standard VAT rate in Poland is 23%, with reduced rates of 8% and 5% applicable to specific goods and services.

Accounting and Financial Reporting

As a company registered in Poland, you are required to maintain proper accounting records and prepare financial statements in accordance with Polish accounting standards. This includes creating balance sheets, profit and loss statements, and cash flow statements. These financial reports provide valuable insights into your company’s performance and are essential for decision-making, tax compliance, and external stakeholders.

It is important to engage a professional accounting firm that specializes in Polish accounting standards to ensure accurate and compliant financial reporting. They can assist with bookkeeping, preparing financial statements, and navigating the complexities of Polish tax regulations.

Having a proper understanding of taxation in Poland and fulfilling your financial obligations is vital for the smooth operation and success of your business. By staying compliant with corporate income tax, VAT registration, accounting standards, and financial reporting requirements, you can navigate the Polish business landscape effectively and minimize any potential legal and financial risks.

Employment and Labor Regulations

If your company plans to hire employees in Poland, it’s essential to understand the local employment and labor regulations. Compliance with labor laws is crucial to ensure a smooth and legally sound working environment.

One important aspect to consider is drafting comprehensive employment contracts that clearly outline the rights and obligations of both the employer and the employee. These contracts should address important details such as job duties, working hours, remuneration, and termination terms.

Additionally, employers in Poland are required to make social security contributions on behalf of their employees. These contributions cover various benefits, including health insurance, retirement pensions, and unemployment benefits. Understanding and fulfilling your social security obligations is vital to maintain a compliant and responsible workforce.

If you plan to hire foreign employees, it’s essential to navigate the work permit requirements. Depending on the employee’s nationality and the duration of their employment, different rules and permits may apply. Ensuring that you obtain the necessary work permits for foreign employees will prevent any legal issues and ensure a legal and streamlined hiring process.

By familiarizing yourself with labor laws, drafting comprehensive employment contracts, fulfilling social security contributions, and obtaining work permits when necessary, you can establish a solid foundation for your company’s workforce management in Poland.

Business Support and Resources

Poland offers a wide range of business support services that can greatly benefit your company. These services are designed to provide assistance and guidance in various aspects of your business operations. From financial planning to marketing strategies, you can find support services tailored to meet your specific needs.

One valuable resource available to businesses in Poland is the availability of grants and incentives. These financial programs can help you secure funding for business expansion, research and development, or other initiatives. By taking advantage of these grants and incentives, you can give your company a competitive edge in the market.

Local networks play a vital role in the growth of businesses. By joining local networks, you can tap into a vast pool of knowledge and experience. These networks are comprised of like-minded professionals and entrepreneurs who can offer valuable insights and create opportunities for collaboration. Building connections within these networks can open doors to new partnerships, clients, and suppliers.

Another crucial aspect of business support in Poland is trade associations. These associations bring together companies from the same industry or sector, providing a platform for knowledge sharing, advocacy, and business promotion. By becoming a member of a trade association, you can access industry-specific resources, stay updated on the latest trends and regulations, and connect with potential partners or clients.

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